What happens when a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes raises your risk of high blood pressure, as well as preeclampsia — a serious complication of pregnancy that causes high blood pressure and other symptoms that can threaten the lives of both mother and baby. Having a surgical delivery (C-section).

What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes?

Warning Signs of Gestational Diabetes

  • Sugar in the urine.
  • Unusual thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Vaginal, bladder and skin infections.

What should I do if I have gestational diabetes during pregnancy?

The treatment for gestational diabetes depends on your blood glucose levels. In many cases, gestational diabetes can be treated with diet and exercise alone. In some cases, you may need to take oral medication such as metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza) or injectable insulin to lower your blood sugar.

Can gestational diabetes cause birth defects?

Growing baby, growing impact

Because of this, gestational diabetes does not cause the kinds of birth defects sometimes seen in babies whose mothers had diabetes before pregnancy. However, untreated or poorly controlled gestational diabetes can hurt your baby.

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Can you have a miscarriage from gestational diabetes?

In all women with preexisting diabetes mellitus, there is a 9-14% rate of miscarriage. Current data suggest a strong association between the degree of glycemic control before pregnancy and the miscarriage rate. Suboptimal glycemic control has been shown to double the miscarriage rate in women with diabetes.

Is gestational diabetes a high risk pregnancy?

Gestational diabetes raises your risk of high blood pressure, as well as preeclampsia — a serious complication of pregnancy that causes high blood pressure and other symptoms that can threaten the lives of both mother and baby.

Do mothers with gestational diabetes deliver early?

Risk of Preterm Labor

The complications caused by elevated blood sugar levels can increase the risk of premature birth. Studies show that the risk of premature delivery due to gestational diabetes is greater if a mother develops diabetes before the 24th week of pregnancy.

How early do you deliver with gestational diabetes?

Expert recommendations suggest that women with uncomplicated GDM take their pregnancies to term, and deliver at 38 weeks gestation [6].

Will one high blood sugar hurt my baby?

High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can also increase the chance that your baby will be born too early, weigh too much, or have breathing problems or low blood glucose right after birth. High blood glucose also can increase the chance that you will have a miscarriage link or a stillborn baby.

Does drinking water help gestational diabetes?

As water contains no carbohydrate or calories, it is the perfect drink for pregnant women. Studies have also shown that drinking water could help control glucose levels. Drink a large glass of water with every meal and another glass in between meals. “Water was key to keeping my glucose levels stable.

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Can I deliver at 37 weeks with gestational diabetes?

Because of the complications sometimes associated with birthing a big baby, many clinicians have recommended that women with gestational diabetes have an elective birth (generally an induction of labour) at or near term (37 to 40 weeks’ gestation) rather than waiting for labour to start spontaneously, or until 41 weeks …

How common is stillbirth with gestational diabetes?

Diabetes affects 1-2% of pregnancies and is a major risk factor for many pregnancy complications. Women with diabetes are around five times more likely to have stillbirths, and three times more likely to have babies that don’t survive beyond their first few months.

How common is gestational diabetes while pregnant?

What is gestational diabetes? Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that appears only during pregnancy. Between 6 and 9 percent of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

What causes stillbirth in gestational diabetes?

Stillbirth is more likely in pregnant women with diabetes. The baby may grow slowly in the uterus due to poor circulation or other conditions, such as high blood pressure or damaged small blood vessels.

How can I lower my blood sugar during pregnancy?

Diabetes During Pregnancy: Diet Tips

  1. Eat 3 meals and 2–3 snacks per day. Eating too much at one time can cause your blood sugar to go too high. …
  2. Measure your servings of starchy foods. …
  3. One 8-ounce cup of milk at a time. …
  4. One small portion of fruit at a time. …
  5. Eat more fiber. …
  6. Breakfast Matters. …
  7. Avoid fruit juice and sugary drinks. …
  8. Strictly limit sweets and desserts.
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What is the normal blood sugar level for a pregnant woman?

Gestational diabetes

For the three-hour test: A normal fasting blood glucose level is lower than 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L). One hour after drinking the glucose solution, a normal blood glucose level is lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).

9 months