Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk. Some may experience learning problems as they progress in school.
Can babies with hydrocephalus lead normal lives?
Most of the newborns born with hydrocephalus will have a normal lifespan, and approximately 40 to 50 percent will have normal intelligence. Seizure disorders have been diagnosed in about 10 percent of children with hydrocephalus. The mortality rate for infants is approximately 5 percent.
How long do babies with hydrocephalus live?
What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.
What does a baby with hydrocephalus look like?
A full or bulging fontanel (soft spot located on the top of the head) Increasing head circumference (size) Seizures. Bulging eyes and an inability of the baby to look upward with the head facing forward.
Can babies grow out of hydrocephalus?
Most children treated for hydrocephalus now reach adult age; however, data on their outcome are still rare and controversial.
What causes babies to be born with hydrocephalus?
When hydrocephalus is congenital, it may be the result of a condition like spina bifida, where the baby’s spine does not form normally, or aqueductal stenosis, a narrowing of the passage between the third and fourth ventricles in the brain. Hydrocephalus may also be caused by a genetic disorder.
How do you treat a baby with hydrocephalus?
Surgery may be needed for some cases of hydrocephalus. Surgery usually involves placing a mechanical shunting device into the baby’s head to help drain the extra CSF from the brain and redirect the extra fluid to another part of the body to be absorbed. A common type of shunt is the ventriculoperitoneal shunt.
How common is pediatric hydrocephalus?
How common is hydrocephalus in infants? Hydrocephalus affects about 1 in every 500 newborns and it is one of the most common birth defects.
What is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in infants?
The most common cause of acquired hydrocephalus in infants is hemorrhage, most often as a consequence of prematurity. Other important causes include neoplasm and infection, usually bacterial meningitis.
Can hydrocephalus go away?
It does not go away on its own and needs special treatment. Hydrocephalus is due to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cavities deep within the brain. These cavities are called ventricles.
Is hydrocephalus a disability?
Is it Easy to Get Disability for Hydrocephalus? You cannot get disability automatically for hydrocephalus because it is not a specifically listed condition in Social Security’s “blue book” of listed impairments.
At what age is hydrocephalus diagnosed?
Hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and adults age 60 and older.
How do you prevent hydrocephalus in babies?
You can’t prevent hydrocephalus, but you can lower your risk and your child’s risk for developing the condition. Make sure you get prenatal care during pregnancy. This can help reduce your chance of going into premature labor, which can lead to hydrocephalus.
Does hydrocephalus cause mental retardation?
They have postulated that progressive hydrocephalus with a rising CSF pressure may result in failure of brain growth and mental retardation unless ventricular drainage is instituted prior to the time neural damage is irreversible.